What Is Catfishing and How Do You Spot a Catfisher?

The Internet has become an integral part of our lives—for communication with friends and family, work, entertainment, and dating. However, among its many positive aspects, it also comes with dangers, one of which is Catfishing. Let’s talk about this phenomenon, how to see if someone is a catfish, and how to avoid becoming a victim of it.

What is Catfishing?

Catfishing is one of the online fraudulent practices where a person creates a fake identity or an identity with deliberately misrepresented information on social media to deceive others. Why is it called being catfished, and why do people catfish? The term comes from the analogy of catfishing, where a fisherman uses bait (as in this case, a fake identity) to catch a fish. People may engage in catfishing for various reasons, such as to gain personal information and money or even just for fun or to play with the feelings of others. Being catfished can lead to serious problems for victims, including emotional distress, losing money, and having their privacy violated.

Social media and online dating are often places where catfishing occurs, as they provide anonymity and the ability to hide one’s true identity easily. To protect yourself from Catfishing, it is important to be careful online, check the authenticity of profiles, and avoid giving personal information to strangers.

Signs of Catfish

Several signs may indicate that you are dealing with a Catfishing individual.

Fake profiles

One of the main signs of Catfishing is the use of fake photos and profile information. Fraudsters may use beautiful photos from the Internet or steal them from other people’s profiles. Some pretend to be famous people or write about unusual professional or personal achievements. If you think that everything seems too perfect to be true, then your intuition is not deceiving you, and this may be a sign that you are dealing with a fake profile.

Limited profile information

Catfishers usually try to remain anonymous, so their profiles contain little information. Sometimes, the profiles don’t even have photos or use images that look too unrealistic or professional.

Relationships develop too quickly

Love scammers may begin to communicate with you intensely and quickly, expressing strong emotions or showing excessive interest in your love life. You are already “dear” and “beloved” in a couple of hours. The scammer flatters you, compliments you, and claims you are “perfect” for him. Before they begin the “love bombing,” scammers study your profile – what you like and are interested in, what you publish. In conversation, it creates the appearance of common interests to attract and create sympathy.

Offer help or support

They may present themselves as someone willing to offer help, support, or even solve your problems or difficulties. This can be a way to gain your attention and trust.

Use deceptive stories

They may create fake stories or characters to gain your sympathy, trust, or sympathy. For example, they may claim they are in a difficult or unusual life situation.

Offer of sexual contact or nudes

Be careful if your new acquaintance is too quick to offer intimate communication or asks you to send nudes. The consequence of this may be sexual extortion.

No video or voice calls

If the person you’re talking to insists on communicating only through text messages or a specific platform and refuses to provide the opportunity for video or voice communication, this could be a sign of secrecy. Real people are usually willing to show themselves in real-time.

Requesting personal information or money

If your new acquaintance starts asking you for these things, it may be a sign that he is not what he seems. Its goal is to gain access to your data or money.

How to Protect Yourself From Catfishing

Be careful with personal information

Do not share your personal information with strangers. This can be dangerous and may result in your personal information being leaked. Set privacy settings on your profiles to control what you share and who can see, comment on, or contact you.

Check profiles and photos

Carefully study the profile of your new acquaintance and pay attention to the photos. If something seems suspicious, don’t hesitate to ask questions. You can also check a suspicious profile using a special site like https://antiarnaques.org/en/, which contains blacklists of scammers, or order a verification service.

Limit the intensity of the relationship

Take your time with trust and relationships. Give yourself time to get to know the person before you trust them with your personal information or money.

Don’t give money or financial information

Never send money or sensitive information to strangers. This can be dangerous and lead to financial loss.

Use video or voice calls

If you are suspicious, ask the person to show themselves in real-time. This will help ensure that they are real.

What should you do if you are exposed to catfishing?

Stop communicating with the scammer

If you suspect someone is a catfish, stop communicating with them and block them.

Check your accounts for unauthorized activity

Make sure your account has not been hacked or used without your permission. To improve security, change the passwords on all your online accounts.

Report a catfish account and block it

If you find a fake profile, take a photo of the profile screen and report a catfish to the platform and online application. Afterward, you can block the scammer’s profile.


If you are being blackmailed, do not pay money or provide additional information. Instead, seek assistance from appropriate services or law enforcement agencies.


Catfishing can be dangerous to your safety and can lead to negative consequences. Be careful online and follow tips to protect yourself from scammers. Don’t trust too quickly, and remember that the safety of your personal space is your priority.